Growth of self-perceived clinical competence in postgraduate training for general practice and its relation to potentially influencing factors.
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SourceAdvances in Health Sciences Education, 12, 2, (2007), pp. 135-145
Article / Letter to editor
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Primary and Community Care
Centre for Quality of Care Research
Advances in Health Sciences Education
SubjectEBP 4: Quality of Care; NCEBP 3: Implementation Science; NCEBP 4: Quality of hospital and integrated care
OBJECTIVE: To examine the increase in self-perceived clinical competence during a three-year postgraduate training in general practice and to explore the relation between the growth of self-perceived competence and several background variables. DESIGN: Cohort, 1995-1998. SETTING: Three-year Postgraduate Training for General practice in the Netherlands PARTICIPANTS: All Dutch trainees who followed postgraduate training from September 1995 to September 1998 (N=191). INTERVENTION: We asked the trainees at the start and at the end of their postgraduate training to complete a questionnaire, which assessed their self-perceived knowledge, clinical skills and consultations skills. We collected information about potentially influencing background variables. Amongst these were variables such as: age, gender, prior medical experience, the effort someone has spent upon her/his education, insight in weak and strong areas of clinical competence and knowledge and skills levels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Self-perceived competence. RESULTS: A total of 127 trainees completed both questionnaires (190 at the first administration and 128 at the second one). We found statistically significant growth of self-perceived clinical competence. Self-perceived consultation skills increased more than self-perceived knowledge and clinical skills. The afore mentioned background variables did not relate in any way with the growth of self-perceived clinical competence. CONCLUSION: This study shows that a 3-year postgraduate training in general practice enhances self-perceived clinical competence. However, we still do not know how to explain this improvement. Further study into the theoretical concept of self-assessment in medical education and into the factors contributing to the feeling of being competent, is required.
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