Chemically modified tetracyclines stimulate matrix metalloproteinase-2 production by periodontal ligament cells.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Periodontal Research, 41, 5, (2006), pp. 463-470
Article / Letter to editor
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Orthodontics and Oral Biology
Journal of Periodontal Research
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of chemically modified tetracyclines (CMTs) on the production of gelatinases [matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9] by human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells, and on the activity of recombinant gelatinases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human PDL cells were cultured with CMT-1, -3, -5, -7 or -8 in concentrations of 0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 microm. Gelatin zymography was used to determine MMP-2 and -9 production of the cells. The amount of DNA present in the cultures was analyzed using a fluorescent assay. The cytotoxicity of the CMTs was also determined. Recombinant human MMP-2 and -9 were incubated with the CMTs (0-500 microm) and their activity was analyzed using an internally quenched fluorogenic substrate. RESULTS: MMP-2 production was stimulated up to sevenfold by CMT-1, -3, -7 and -8 at low concentrations (10-200 microm). No significant amounts of MMP-9 were produced. In contrast, MMP-2 and -9 activity was reduced by approximately 10-40-fold at higher concentrations (200-500 microm). CMT-5 had no effect on the production or on the activity of MMP-2 and -9. Only CMT-3 and -8 had cytotoxic effects on the PDL cells at the highest concentrations. CONCLUSION: Surprisingly, CMTs are able to stimulate MMP-2 production at relatively low concentrations. However, at higher concentrations they exert a much stronger inhibitory effect on gelatinase activity. A possible stimulatory effect of CMTs on MMP production should be considered in their clinical use.
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