What is the best pre-therapeutic dosimetry for successful radioiodine therapy of multifocal autonomy?
SourceNuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine, 45, 5, (2006), pp. 206-12
Article / Letter to editor
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Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
SubjectIGMD 1: Functional imaging; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
PURPOSE: Dose calculation for radioiodine therapy (RIT) of multifocal autonomies (MFA) is a problem as therapeutic outcome may be worse than in other kinds of autonomies. We compared different dosimetric concepts in our patients. PATIENTS, METHODS: Data from 187 patients who had undergone RIT for MFA (Marinelli algorithm, volumetric compromise) were included in the study. For calculation, either a standard or a measured half-life had been used and the dosimetric compromise (150 Gy, total thyroid volume). Therapeutic activities were calculated by 2 alternative concepts and compared to therapeutic success achieved (concept of TcTUs-based calculation of autonomous volume with 300 Gy and TcTUs-based adaptation of target dose on total thyroid volume). RESULTS: If a standard half-life is used, therapeutic success was achieved in 90.2% (hypothyroidism 23,1%, n = 143). If a measured half-life was used the success rate was 93.1% (13,6% hypothyroidism, n = 44). These differences were statistically not significant, neither for all patients together nor for subgroups eu-, hypo-, or hyperthyroid after therapy (ANOVA, all p > 0.05). The alternative dosimetric concepts would have resulted either in significantly lower organ doses (TcTUs-based calculation of autonomous volume; 80.76 +/- 80.6 Gy versus 125.6 +/- 46.3 Gy; p < 0.0001) or in systematic over-treatment with significantly higher doses (TcTUs-adapted concept; 164.2 +/- 101.7 Gy versus 125.6 +/- 46.3 Gy; p = 0.0097). CONCLUSIONS: TcTUsbased determination of the autonomous volume should not be performed, the TcTUs-based adaptation of the target dose will only increase the rate of hypothyroidism. A standard half-life may be used in pre-therapeutic dosimetry for RIT of MFA. If so, individual therapeutic activities may be calculated based on thyroid size corrected to the 24h ITUs without using Marinelli's algorithm.
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