The effect of combined hypergravity and micro-grooved surface topography on the behaviour of fibroblasts.
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SourceCell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 63, 7, (2006), pp. 384-394
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
This study evaluated in vitro the differences in morphological behaviour between fibroblast cultured on smooth and micro-grooved substrata (groove depth: 1 mum, width: 1, 2, 5, 10 microm), which undergo artificial hypergravity by centrifugation (10, 24 and 50 g; or 1 g control). The aim of the study was to clarify which of these parameters was more important to determine cell behaviour. Morphological characteristics were investigated using scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy in order to obtain qualitative information on cell spreading and alignment. Confocal laser scanning microscopy visualised distribution of actin filaments and vinculin anchoring points through immunostaining. Finally, expression of collagen type I, fibronectin, and alpha(1)- and beta(1)-integrin were investigated by PCR. Microscopy and image analysis showed that the fibroblasts aligned along the groove direction on all textured surfaces. On the smooth substrata (control), cells spread out in a random fashion. The alignment of cells cultured on grooved surfaces increased with higher g-forces until a peak value at 25 g. An ANOVA was performed on the data, for all main parameters: topography, gravity force, and time. In this analysis, all parameters proved significant. In addition, most gene levels were reduced by hypergravity. Still, collagen type 1 and fibronectin are seemingly unaffected by time or force. From our data it is concluded that the fibroblasts primarily adjust their shape according to morphological environmental cues like substratum surface whilst a secondary, but significant, role is played by hypergravity forces.
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