Increased awareness of intimate partner abuse after training: a randomised controlled trial.
until further notice
SourceBritish Journal of General Practice, 56, 525, (2006), pp. 249-257
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of General Practice
SubjectEBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; IGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner abuse is very common among female patients in family practice. In general, doctors overlook the possibility of partner abuse. AIM: To investigate whether awareness of intimate partner abuse, as well as active questioning, increase after attending focus group and training, or focus group only. DESIGN OF STUDY: Randomised controlled trial in a stratified sample.Setting:Family practices in Rotterdam and surrounding areas. METHOD: A full-training group (n = 23), a group attending focus group discussions alone (n = 14), and a control group (n = 17) were formed. Data were collected with incident reporting of every female patient (aged >18 years) that was suspected of, or presented, partner abuse during a period of 6 months. The primary outcome measure was the number of reported patients; the secondary outcome measure was the number of patients with whom the GP had non-obvious reasons to suspect/discuss abuse. RESULTS: Comparison of the full-training group (n = 87 patients) versus the control group (n = 14 patients) resulted in a rate ratio of 4.54 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.55 to 8.09, P <0.001); the focus group only group (n = 30 cases) versus control group: rate ratio of 2.2 (95% CI = 1.14 to 4.26, P = 0.019); full-training versus the focus group only group: rate ratio of 2.19 (95% CI = 1.36 to 3.52, P = 0.001). Comparison of the fulltraining group with the untrained groups for awareness of partner abuse in case of non-obvious signs resulted in: odds ratio 5.92 (95% CI = 2.25 to 15.62, P <0.01) all corrected for sex, district, practice setting, working part/full-time, experience, and age of the doctor. CONCLUSIONS: Training was the most significant determinant to improve awareness and identification of intimate partner abuse. Active questioning increased, especially where there were non-obvious signs. The focus group on its own doubled the awareness of partner abuse.
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