Audiologic performance and benefit of cochlear implantation in Usher syndrome type I.
until further notice
SourceLaryngoscope, 116, 5, (2006), pp. 717-722
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; UMCN 3.3: Neurosensory disorders
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the benefit and performance of cochlear implantation in patients with Usher syndrome type 1 (USH1). METHODS: Fourteen patients with a clinical diagnosis of USH1 were included. Mutation analysis of USH1 genes was performed in all of them. All patients filled in the G(C)BI questionnaire, which measures the benefit of implantation. In addition, equivalent hearing level scores (EHL) were calculated to measure performance. Correlations between the mentioned parameters were studied. RESULTS: One or two pathogenic mutations were identified in seven of the 14 examined patients. Similar to previous studies, it was demonstrated that implantation at an earlier age results in better performance than implantation at higher age. Cochlear implantation performed within the first 2 decades of life was beneficial to 13 of 14 (93%) of the patients with USH1. Finally, the EHL score and the G(C)BI score showed a significant correlation; the benefit of implantation increases with a decreasing EHL score. CONCLUSIONS: Cochlear implantation in patients with USH1 improves the audiologic performance when patients are implanted at an earlier age and is beneficial according to the G(C)BI when performed within the first 2 decades of life.
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