Closing capacity of cranial bone defects using porous calcium phosphate cement implants in a rabbit animal model.
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SourceJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 79, 3, (2006), pp. 503-511
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
Calcium phosphate (Ca-P) cement is a well established material for bone repair. The bone biological properties of Ca-P cement can even be further improved by creating porosity in the material. The current study aimed on the evaluation of the osteoconductive behavior of porous Ca-P cement. Therefore, circular defects (6, 9, and 15 mm in diameter) were created in the cranium of 3 months old rabbits and filled with porous Ca-P cement implants. The total porosity of implants was calculated to be 71, 74 and 74% respectively and the average pore diameter was 150 microm. In addition, empty control defects were prepared. After 12 weeks implantation time the animals were sacrificed and radiographic, histological, and histomorphometrical evaluation was performed. The Critical Size Defect (CSD) of this species at this location for an implantation time of 12 weeks was confirmed to be 15 mm. Bone was observed to be present over and through almost all porous Ca-P cement implants. Only, in one out of eight animals with a 15 mm implant complete bone bridging of the defect did not occur. The size of the defect was found not to affect the total percentage of bone formation in the cement; (17 +/- 7)%, (18 +/- 6)% and (17 +/- 3)% for respectively 6, 9, and 15 mm diameter implants. We concluded that porous Ca-P cement is an excellent osteoconductive material in non weight bearing situations and complete bridging of a critical sized skull defect occurs in this rabbit model after 12 weeks of implantation.
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