Kidney failure in mice lacking the tetraspanin CD151.
SourceJournal of Cell Biology, 175, 1, (2006), pp. 33-39
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Cell Biology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
The tetraspanin CD151 is a cell-surface molecule known for its strong lateral interaction with the laminin-binding integrin alpha3beta1. Patients with a nonsense mutation in CD151 display end-stage kidney failure associated with regional skin blistering and sensorineural deafness, and mice lacking the integrin alpha3 subunit die neonatally because of severe abnormalities in the lung and kidney epithelia. We report the generation of Cd151-null mice that recapitulate the renal pathology of human patients, i.e., with age they develop massive proteinuria caused by focal glomerulosclerosis, disorganization of the glomerular basement membrane, and tubular cystic dilation. However, neither skin integrity nor hearing ability are impaired in the Cd151-null mice. Furthermore, we generated podocyte-specific conditional knockout mice for the integrin alpha3 subunit that show renal defects similar to those in the Cd151 knockout mice. Our results support the hypothesis that CD151 plays a key role in strengthening alpha3beta1-mediated adhesion in podocytes.
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