until further notice
SourceFEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology, 47, 1, (2006), pp. 42-4
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology
SubjectN4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
Sixty-eight commercial bottled mineral waters (64 brands, 68 different 'best-before dates') were tested for the presence of bacteria and fungi. Six samples were Legionella antigen positive and six were Legionella pneumophila PCR positive. Two samples were both Legionella antigen and L. pneumophila PCR positive. Legionella cultures were negative. Although the PCR might have detected only dead Legionella cells, the PCR has been described to detect specifically viable but not culturable (VBNC) L. pneumophila cells as well. Whether VBNC bacteria may be present in bottled mineral waters and the risk for infection this may pose for severely immunocompromised patients should be investigated.
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