Collagen type V enhances matrix contraction by human periodontal ligament fibroblasts seeded in three-dimensional collagen gels.
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SourceMatrix Biology, 25, 8, (2006), pp. 515-522
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
Extracellular matrix components play an important role in modulating cellular activity. To study such capacities of the matrix, fibroblasts are frequently cultured in a three-dimensional gel and contraction is assessed as a measure of cellular activity. Since a connective tissue contains several types of collagen, we investigated the effect of gels composed of collagen I alone or in combination with 10% collagen III and/or 5% collagen V on contraction by human periodontal ligament fibroblasts. Gels containing collagen V contracted much faster than those without this type of collagen. Blocking of the integrin beta1-subunit with an activity-blocking antibody delayed (gels with collagen V) or almost completely blocked (gels without collagen V) contraction. Use of an antibody directed against integrin alpha2beta1 resulted in delay of gel contraction for gels both with and without collagen V. Anti-integrin alpha v beta3 or RGD peptides partially blocked contraction of gels containing collagen V, but had no effect on gels consisting of collagen I alone. The beta1-containing integrins are involved in the basal contraction by fibroblasts that bind to collagens I and III. The enhanced contraction, stimulated by collagen V, appears to be mediated by integrin alpha v beta3. We conclude that collagen V may play an important modulating role in connective tissue contraction. Such a modulation may occur during the initial stages of wound healing and/or tissue regeneration.
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