Matrix metalloproteinase-2 is a consistent prognostic factor in gastric cancer.
SourceBritish Journal of Cancer, 94, 7, (2006), pp. 1035-40
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Cancer
SubjectNCMLS 3: Growth and differentiation; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring
In a pioneer study, we showed 10 years ago that enhanced tissue levels of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2 and MMP-9 in gastric cancers, as determined by zymography, were related with worse overall survival of the patients. To corroborate these observations, we now assessed MMP-2 and MMP-9 with new techniques in an expanded group of gastric cancer patients (n = 81) and included for comparison MMP-7, MMP-8 and the tissue inhibitors of MMPs, TIMP-1 and -2. All MMPs and TIMP-1 were significantly increased in tumour tissue compared to normal gastric mucosa. Matrix metalloproteinase-7, -8 and -9, and the TIMPs showed some correlations with the clinicopathologic parameters TNM, WHO and Lauren classification, but their levels were not related with survival. Regardless of the determination method used, that is, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or bioactivity assay, an enhanced tumour MMP-2 level did not show a significant correlation with any of the clinicopathological parameters, but was confirmed to be an independent prognostic factor in gastric cancer.
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