Monitoring of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase activity in mononuclear cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: enzymological and clinical aspects.
until further notice
SourcePediatric Blood & Cancer, 46, 4, (2006), pp. 434-438
Article / Letter to editor
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Pediatric Blood & Cancer
SubjectNCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
BACKGROUND: Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH; EC188.8.131.52) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in guanine nucleotide biosynthesis, and may play an important role in treatment of patients with antipurines. METHODS: We used an HPLC method to measure the IMPDH activity in peripheral blood and bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNC). IMPDH activities were determined in children who were diagnosed with and treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and in a group of control children. RESULTS: The median IMPDH activity for control children was 350 pmol/10(6) pMNC/hr (range 97-896; n = 47). No gender or age differences were observed. IMPDH activity at diagnosis of ALL was correlated with the percentage of peripheral blood lymphoblasts (r = 0.474; P < 0.001; n = 71). The median IMPDH activity at diagnosis was 410 pmol/10(6) pMNC/hr (range 40-2009; n = 76), significantly higher than for controls (P = 0.012). IMPDH activity significantly decreased after induction treatment, and during treatment with methotrexate (MTX) infusions (median 174 pmol/10(6) pMNC/hr; range 52-516; n = 21). The activity remained low during maintenance treatment with 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) and MTX, at a significantly lower level than for controls (P < 0.004). One year after cessation of treatment IMPDH activity returned to normal values. CONCLUSION: The decrease of IMPDH activity at remission of ALL seems to be at least partly due to the eradication of lymphoblasts with the type 2 isoform of the enzyme.
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