Subcutaneous evaluation of RF magnetron-sputtered calcium pyrophosphate and hydroxylapatite-coated Ti implants.
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SourceJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 77, 4, (2006), pp. 815-822
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
The in vivo behavior of infrared-heated, RF magnetron-sputtered hydroxylapatite (HA) and calcium pyrophosphate (DCPP) coated titanium discs was investigated. The discs were implanted subcutaneously in the back of six goats for 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. At the end of the study, coated discs were removed and examined on their physicochemical properties by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), including energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Also, implants were prepared for light microscopical evaluation of the tissue response. The results showed that heat-treated HA coatings showed a stable behavior, i.e. no changes in the XRD pattern occurred during implantation. Also, no dissolution of the coating was observed by SEM. EDS revealed that the Ca/P ratio of the HA coatings remained stable during implantation. In contrast, heat-treated DCPP coatings showed a compositional change into apatite and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) during implantation. This was confirmed by the SEM and EDS analysis. The Ca/P ratio of the DCPP coatings changed from 0.8 to 1.52 during implantation. Finally, histology showed that both heat-treated HA and DCPP coatings showed no adverse tissue response, as characterized by the presence of thin, dense fibrous tissue capsule. Consequently, it can be concluded that 2 mum thick heat-treated, RF magnetron-sputtered HA and DCPP coatings are of sufficient thickness to withstand dissolution during 12 weeks of implantation in a subcutaneous location in goats. In addition, both coatings showed a biocompatible tissue behavior. Further, heat-treated DCPP coatings revealed a gradual compositional change into apatite and TCP.
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