Polymorphisms in the alpha1A-adrenoceptor gene do not modify the short- and long-term efficacy of alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonists in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
until further notice
SourceBJU International, 97, 4, (2006), pp. 852-5
Article / Letter to editor
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Blood Transfusion and Transplantation Immunology
Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; EBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation; UMCN 1.5: Interventional oncology; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the ADRA1A gene encoding the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor modifies the short- and long-term efficacy of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). PATIENTS AND METHODS For 254 patients with BPH and/or lower urinary tract symptoms who received alpha(1)-adrenergic antagonists for > or = 3 months, the ADRA1A genotype at position 1475 of the coding region was determined. The patients' short-term response to treatment was determined for four outcome measures, i.e. the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), the IPSS quality-of-life score, peak urinary flow rate, and obstruction grade, stratified by genotype. Eventual BPH-related invasive therapy was used as the outcome for assessing the long-term response to treatment. Genetic variants at positions 834, 896, 898 and 1831 were too rare to be considered in the analysis. RESULTS There were no significant differences for the genotype strata in three of the four outcome measures. Patients with the CC genotype responded significantly better in quality-of-life perception than patients with the CT or TT genotype. There were also no significant differences in the risk of BPH-related invasive therapy among the three genotypes. CONCLUSIONS The 1475C-->T SNP in the ADRA1A gene does not modify the short- and long-term efficacy of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists for treating BPH. There was a small effect on perceived quality of life but this was not reflected in other variables that measured the treatment response more directly.
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