Forearm vasoconstrictor response in uncomplicated type 1 diabetes mellitus.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation, 36, 10, (2006), pp. 674-681
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Clinical Investigation
SubjectIGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; IGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
BACKGROUND: According to the 'haemodynamic hypothesis', increased tissue perfusion predisposes to microangiopathy in diabetic patients. We hypothesized that the typical haemodynamic changes underlying the increased tissue perfusion can be explained by a decreased sympathetic nerve activity caused by chronic hyperglycaemia. In this study we investigated sympathetic activity in patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 15 DM patients (DM duration 6.3 +/- 3.8 year; HbA1c 7.9 +/- 1.3%) and 16 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (Control), sympathetic nervous system activity was measured at rest (baseline) and during sympathoneural stimulation (lower body negative pressure (LBNP)) by means of interstitial and plasma noradrenaline (NA) sampling and power spectral analysis. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was measured before (baseline) and during a cold pressure test. Forearm blood flow was measured during forearm vascular alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor blockade. RESULTS: At baseline, forearm vascular resistance (FVR), plasma NA concentrations, MSNA and heart rate variability were similar in both groups. LBNP-induced vasoconstriction was significantly attenuated in the DM group compared with the Control group (DeltaFVR: 12 +/- 4 vs. 19 +/- 3 arbitrary units, P < 0.05). The responses of plasma NA and heart rate variability did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline FVR and sympathetic nerve activity are normal in patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes. However, the forearm vasoconstrictor response to sympathetic stimulation is attenuated, which cannot be attributed to an impaired sympathetic responsiveness.
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