Effect of carbogen breathing on the radiation response of a human glioblastoma xenograft: analysis of hypoxia and vascular parameters of regrowing tumors.
SourceStrahlentherapie und Onkologie, 182, 7, (2006), pp. 408-414
Article / Letter to editor
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Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
SubjectONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of these experiments was to study the relationship between the previously demonstrated efficacy of carbogen breathing on tumor oxygenation status and the response to radiation assessed by a growth delay assay. This study was also developed to investigate the microenvironmental changes caused by combined treatment compared to irradiation only in regrowing tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A human glioblastoma xenograft tumor line was implanted in nude mice. Irradiations consisted of 10 Gy or 20 Gy with and without carbogen breathing. Several microenvironmental parameters (tumor cell hypoxia, tumor blood perfusion, vascular volume, and microvascular density) were analyzed after immunohistochemical staining. Tumor growth delay was monitored for up to 120 days after treatment. RESULTS: In general, there was no benefit of combined treatment. However, a small subgroup with good response to combined radiation and carbogen treatment was identified showing little hypoxia and mainly necrosis in the regrowing tumors. These microenvironmental characteristics were not seen in tumors of the other treatment groups. CONCLUSION: The observations suggest that a subgroup of patients, who could potentially benefit from the combined carbogen and radiation treatment, might be identified. However, the heterogeneous response to treatment illustrates the need for selection of patients before start of treatment.
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