Screening for autistic spectrum in children aged 14 to 15 months. I: the development of the Early Screening of Autistic Traits Questionnaire (ESAT).
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SourceJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 6, (2006), pp. 723-32
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 3: Neuroinformatics; EBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; NCEBP 9: Mental health; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences
This article describes the development of a screening instrument for young children. Screening items were tested first in a non-selected population of children aged 8-20 months (n = 478). Then, parents of children with clinically diagnosed ASD (n = 153, average age 87 months) or ADHD (n = 76, average age 112 months) were asked to score the items retrospectively for when their child was 14 months old. A 14-item screening instrument, Early Screening of Autistic Traits (ESAT) which had maximal sensitivity and specificity for ASD was developed. The sensitivity of the ESAT was checked in an independent sample of 34 children aged 16-48 months clinically diagnosed with ASD. A 4-item version appears to be a promising prescreening instrument.
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