Proteomic inventory of "anchorless" proteins on the colon adenocarcinoma cell surface.
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SourceBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. Proteins and Proteomics, 1764, 10, (2006), pp. 1607-1617
Article / Letter to editor
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Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Proteins and Proteomics
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; IGMD 7: Iron metabolism; IGMD 8: Mitochondrial medicine; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
Surface proteins play important pathophysiological roles in health and disease, and accumulating proteomics-based studies suggest that several "non-membrane" proteins are sorted to the cell surface by unconventional mechanisms. Importantly, these proteins may comprise attractive therapeutic targets and novel disease markers for colon cancer. To perform a proteomics-based inventory of these so-called "anchorless" surface proteins, intact colon adenocarcinoma SW480 cells were labeled with membrane-impermeable biotin after which only soluble biotinylated proteins were isolated and identified by nanoLC-MS/MS. Computer-assisted analysis predicted that only 9 of the 97 identified surface-exposed proteins have predicted secretory signal peptides, whereas 2 other proteins have a putative transmembrane segment. Of the 9 proteins with putative signal peptides, 1 was predicted to be retained at the cell surface by a GPI-anchor, whereas 5 other proteins contained an ER-retention motif (KDEL) that should prevent them from being sorted to the cell surface. The remaining 86 soluble "surface" proteins lack known export signals and the possibility that these proteins are candidate substrates of non-classical transporters or exported by unconventional mechanisms is discussed. Alternatively, the large number of "intracellular" and ER-resident proteins may imply that biotinylation approaches are not only specific for surface proteins, but also biased against a certain subset of non-surface proteins. This underscores the importance of post-proteomic verification of proteomics-based inventories on surface-exposed proteins, which eventually should reveal to which extent non-classical export and retention mechanisms contribute to the sorting of "anchorless" proteins to the surface of colon tumor cells.
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