Acid-base status determines the renal expression of Ca2+ and Mg2+ transport proteins.
SourceJournal of the American Society of Nephrology, 17, 3, (2006), pp. 617-626
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
Chronic metabolic acidosis results in renal Ca2+ and Mg2+ wasting, whereas chronic metabolic alkalosis is known to exert the reverse effects. It was hypothesized that these adaptations are mediated at least in part by the renal Ca2+ and Mg2+ transport proteins. The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine the effect of systemic acid-base status on renal expression of the epithelial Ca2+ channel TRPV5, the Ca2+-binding protein calbindin-D28K, and the epithelial Mg2+ channel TRPM6 in relation to Ca2+ and Mg2+ excretion. Chronic metabolic acidosis that was induced by NH4Cl loading or administration of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide for 6 d enhanced calciuresis accompanied by decreased renal TRPV5 and calbindin-D28K mRNA and protein abundance in wild-type mice. In contrast, metabolic acidosis did not affect Ca2+ excretion in TRPV5 knockout (TRPV5-/-) mice, in which active Ca2+ reabsorption is effectively abolished. This demonstrates that downregulation of renal Ca2+ transport proteins is responsible for the hypercalciuria. Conversely, chronic metabolic alkalosis that was induced by NaHCO3 administration for 6 d increased the expression of Ca2+ transport proteins accompanied by diminished urine Ca2+ excretion in wild-type mice. However, this Ca2+-sparing action persisted in TRPV5-/- mice, suggesting that additional mechanisms apart from upregulation of active Ca2+ transport contribute to the hypocalciuria. Furthermore, chronic metabolic acidosis decreased renal TRPM6 expression, increased Mg2+ excretion, and decreased serum Mg2+ concentration, whereas chronic metabolic alkalosis resulted in the exact opposite effects. In conclusion, these data suggest that regulation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ transport proteins contributes importantly to the effects of acid-base status on renal divalent handling.
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