The cascaded nature of lexical selection and integration in auditory sentence processing.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition, 32, 2, (2006), pp. 364-72
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Neurobiology of Language
F.C. Donders Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging
Journal of Experimental Psychology : Learning, Memory and Cognition
Subject110 000 Neurocognition of Language; 110 007 PLUS: A neurocomputational model for the Processing of Linguistic Utterances based on the Unification-Space architecture; 110 009 The human brain and Chinese prosody; 110 012 Social cognition of verbal communication; 110 013 Binding and the MUC-model; 110 014 Public activities; DCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; EBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences
An event-related brain potential experiment was carried out to investigate the temporal relationship between lexical selection and the semantic integration in auditory sentence processing. Participants were presented with spoken sentences that ended with a word that was either semantically congruent or anomalous. Information about the moment in which a sentence-final word could uniquely be identified, its isolation point (IP), was compared with the onset of the elicited N400 congruity effect, reflecting semantic integration processing. The results revealed that the onset of the N400 effect occurred prior to the IP of the sentence-final words. Moreover, the factor early or late IP did not affect the onset of the N400. These findings indicate that lexical selection and semantic integration are cascading processes, in that semantic integration processing can start before the acoustic information allows the selection of a unique candidate and seems to be attempted in parallel for multiple candidates that are still compatible with the bottom-up acoustic input.
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