Surgical intervention of intestinal malrotations in paediatric patients without other congenital anatomical abnormalities: overview from a single center.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Radiology, 59, 1, (2006), pp. 20-24
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Radiology
SubjectIGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; UMCN 1.1: Functional Imaging; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
The subject of malrotation in infants and children without other congenital anatomical abnormalities is reviewed from the perspective of experience with 97 patients operated in 11 years. Fifty-five patients were younger than 6 weeks at operation. They often presented with bilious vomiting, in contrast to older children who presented with non-bilious vomiting or feeding problems. Patients younger than 6 weeks were operated more often acutely than older patients. Volvulus was more common in infants younger than 6 weeks. Two patients with a resulting short bowel syndrome died. In 73 of the surviving 95 (76.8%) children their symptoms disappeared. In the children younger than 6 weeks persisting abdominal problems were significantly less frequent than in older children. In the children presenting with proven gastro-esophageal reflux disease before the malrotation operation, abdominal problems persisted significantly more often. Although there remains considerable controversy over how older children without signs of vascular problems should be managed, failure to respond to radiographic evidence of malrotation could be considered malpractice if volvulus was to occur subsequently. For this reason, every patient with a radiological proven malrotation merits diagnostic laparoscopy.
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