Plasma obtained during human endotoxemia increases endothelial albumin permeability in vitro.
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SourceShock, 25, 4, (2006), pp. 358-362
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectEBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; IGMD 7: Iron metabolism; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
To gain insight in the pathogenesis of increased vascular permeability during sepsis, we studied the effect of plasma obtained during human experimental endotoxemia on the permeability of cultured endothelial monolayers. Eight healthy subjects received an i.v. dose of 2 ng/kg Escherichia coli O:113 lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The concentration of various plasma mediators that supposedly induce vascular permeability was measured over time. Plasmas that were obtained before, and 2 and 4 h after the administration of LPS were added to human umbilical venular endothelial cells that were cultured on semipermeable membranes.The permeability of the endothelial monolayers to fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled bovine serum albumin was determined and expressed as the relative concentration of fluorescein isothiocyanate-bovine serum albumin when compared with that measured across empty Transwell-COL (Corning Life Sciences B.V., Schiphol-Rijk, The Netherlands) membranes (i.e., without endothelial monolayers). The permeability levels were correlated with the concentrations of various mediators.Experimental endotoxemia resulted in elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL) 1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and vascular endothelial growth factor and a moderate increase of IL-12 and IFN-gamma (all P values < 0.01). Incubation of human umbilical venular endothelial cells with plasma obtained 2 and 4 h after the administration of LPS increased the relative permeability from a baseline level (median) of 17% (range, 14% - 31%) to 23% (range, 12% - 39%; P = not significant) and 28% (range, 11% - 40%; P < 0.05), respectively. Plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and IL-10, but not TNF-alpha or any other mediators, significantly correlated with the increase in endothelial permeability (r = 0.47, P = 0.038; r = 0.43, P = 0.038, respectively). The data presented here demonstrate that plasmas obtained from experimental human endotoxemia increase endothelial albumin permeability in vitro. Thus, cultured human endothelial monolayers provide a model to study sepsis-associated vascular changes.
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