until further notice
SourceDNA Repair, 5, 8, (2006), pp. 959-71
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectEBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; NCEBP 12: Human Reproduction; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
In the mouse, the paternal post-meiotic chromatin is assumed to be devoid of DNA repair after nuclear elongation and protamine-induced compaction. Hence, DNA lesions induced thereafter will have to be restored upon gamete fusion in the zygote. Misrepair of such lesions often results in chromosome type aberrations at the first cleavage division, suggesting that the repair event takes place prior to S-phase. During this stage of the zygotic cell cycle, the paternal chromatin transits from a protamine- to a nucleosome-based state. We addressed the question whether the canonical signalling pathway to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs), the phosphorylated form of histone H2AX (gammaH2AX) is active during chromatin restructuring of the male genetic complement in the zygote. Here, we describe the detailed characterization of gammaH2AX signalling in the early stages of zygotic development up to the appearance of the pronuclei. We have found the gammaH2AX signalling pathway to be already active during sperm chromatin remodelling after gamete fusion in a dose dependent manner, reflecting the amount of DSBs present in the sperm nucleus after in vivo male irradiation. Using DNA damaging compounds to induce lesions in the early zygote, differences in DSB sensitivity and gammaH2AX processing between paternal and maternal chromatin were found, suggesting differences in DNA repair capacity between the parental chromatin sets.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Electronic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.