A novel role for suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 in cartilage destruction via induction of chondrocyte desensitization toward insulin-like growth factor.
until further notice
SourceArthritis and Rheumatism, 54, 5, (2006), pp. 1518-28
Article / Letter to editor
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Arthritis and Rheumatism
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity
OBJECTIVE: An important mechanism contributing to cartilage destruction in arthritis is chondrocyte desensitization toward its main anabolic factor, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). In this study, we sought to determine the role of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) in the induction of IGF-1 desensitization of murine chondrocytes. METHODS: Chondrocyte responsiveness to IGF-1 was assessed by 35S-sulfate incorporation into proteoglycans (PGs), via aggrecan messenger RNA expression, using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) tyrosine phosphorylation (Western blot analysis). IGF-1 desensitization of patellar chondrocytes was studied in zymosan-induced arthritis. IGF-1 desensitization was induced in patellar cartilage explants or the H4 chondrocyte cell line, exposed to interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha). SOCS-3 protein expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry or by Western blot analysis of protein extracts. The role of SOCS-3 in IGF-1 signaling was elucidated by adenoviral overexpression. RESULTS: Exposure of murine articular cartilage to IL-1 caused a significant decrease in IGF-1-induced PG synthesis. This effect also occurred in inducible nitric oxide synthase-knockout mice, revealing the involvement of a secondary IL-1-induced factor other than nitric oxide. We showed that IL-1 significantly up-regulated SOCS-3 transcription and protein synthesis in H4 chondrocytes. In contrast, IL-18 was unable to induce SOCS-3 expression and failed to induce chondrocyte IGF-1 desensitization. Histologic analysis of samples from arthritic knee joints revealed high expression of SOCS-3 in chondrocytes. Through adenoviral overexpression of SOCS-3, we obtained direct evidence that SOCS-3 inhibits IGF-1-mediated cell signaling, since IRS-1 phosphorylation was reduced. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that IL-1-induced SOCS-3 expression is a novel mechanism of IGF-1 desensitization in chondrocytes; in conjunction with nitric oxide it can contribute to cartilage damage during arthritis.
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