Treatment with clarithromycin prior to coronary artery bypass graft surgery does not prevent subsequent cardiac events.
SourceClinical Infectious Diseases, 40, 3, (2005), pp. 358-365
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Clinical Infectious Diseases
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity
BACKGROUND: Recently, it has been suggested that Chlamydia pneumoniae possibly plays a possible role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether treatment with clarithromycin prior to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery would prevent subsequent cardiovascular events and mortality. METHODS: Patients who were scheduled for CABG surgery were randomly assigned to receive either clarithromycin or placebo until the day of surgery in a double-blind trial. During the 2 years of follow-up, mortality and cardiovascular events were assessed. RESULTS: Follow-up at 2 years was achieved for 473 patients. The mean duration of treatment was 16 days. Patient characteristics at baseline were well balanced between the 2 treatment groups. Mortality was equal in the 2 groups: 10 (4.2%) of 238 patients in the clarithromycin group and 9 (3.8%) of 235 patients in the placebo group (relative risk, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.42-2.89; P=1.0). Also, there were no significant differences in the proportion of patients who experienced cardiovascular events during the follow-up period: 20 (8.4%) of 238 patients in the clarithromycin group and 19 (8.1%) of 235 patients in the placebo group (relative risk, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.55-1.98; P=1.0). The overall rate of such events was 58 (12.3%) of 473 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with clarithromycin in patients scheduled for CABG surgery did not reduce the subsequent occurrence of cardiovascular events or mortality during a 2-year follow-up period.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.