2-(18F)-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography detects clinical relevant adenomas of the colon: a prospective study.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Clinical Oncology, 23, 16, (2005), pp. 3713-3717
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Clinical Oncology
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.1: Functional Imaging; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring
PURPOSE: 2-(18F)-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is a noninvasive imaging technique used clinically to detect malignant tumors. FDG-PET has been established as a tool for diagnosis of recurrent or metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Several case series suggest that FDG-PET also detects larger adenomas. The goal of this study was to investigate whether FDG-PET is able to detect colonic adenomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FDG-PET was performed in 100 consecutive patients in whom colonic adenomas were suspected on barium enema (n = 47) or sigmoidoscopy (n = 53). A positive scan was defined as focal large bowel FDG accumulation. FDG-PET was followed in all cases by colonoscopy, and removed adenomas were examined histopathologically. RESULTS: Colonoscopy confirmed the presence of adenomas in 68 of 100 patients. In 35 patients, there was focal FDG accumulation at site of the adenoma. The sensitivity of FDG-PET increased with adenoma size (21%, adenomas 1 to 5 mm; 47%, 6 to 10 mm; and 72%, > 11 mm). The sensitivity of FDG-PET also increased with the grade of dysplasia (33%, low grade; 76%, high grade; and 89%, carcinomas). The overall specificity was 84%. CONCLUSION: FDG-PET detects colonic adenomas and the diagnostic test characteristics improve with size and grade of dysplasia of the adenoma.
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