A longitudinal, prospective study on emotional adjustment before, during and after consecutive fertility treatment cycles.
SourceHuman Reproduction, 20, 8, (2005), pp. 2253-60
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants of Health and Disease; EBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; NCEBP 12: Human Reproduction; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal study into the course of the emotional response to IVF from pre-treatment to 6 months post-treatment and factors that contributed to that course. METHODS: A total of 148 IVF patients and 71 partners completed self-report questionnaires on anxiety, depression, personality characteristics, meaning of fertility problems, coping, marital relationship and social support at pre-treatment. Assessments of anxiety and depression were repeated immediately following the final treatment cycle and again 6 months later (follow-up). RESULTS: Women showed an increase of both anxiety and depression after unsuccessful treatment and a decrease after successful treatment. Men showed no change in anxiety and depression either after successful or after unsuccessful treatment. In the 6 months after unsuccessful treatment, women showed no recovery. At follow-up, >20% of the women showed subclinical forms of anxiety and/or depression. Personality characteristics, meaning of the fertility problems, and social support determined the course of the emotional response. CONCLUSIONS: Most women adjusted well to unsuccessful treatment, but at follow-up, a considerable proportion still showed substantial emotional problems. Personality characteristics, pre-treatment meaning of the fertility problems and social support have demonstrated the adjustment to unsuccessful IVF in women. This allows early identification of women at risk as well as tailored interventions.
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- Faculty of Social Sciences 
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