An unexpected cause of a recurrent cerebral hemorrhage.
SourceNeuropediatrics, 36, 5, (2005), pp. 324-327
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; UMCN 3.3: Neurosensory disorders
A 4-year-old previously healthy boy presented with a non-traumatic right parietal hemorrhage. A second life-threatening left cerebral hemorrhage occurred three weeks later and was decompressed with a craniotomy. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a hypermobile elongated tumor of the mitral valve. The cardiac tumor was successfully resected three weeks after the craniotomy. Histological examination of the cardiac tumor revealed a papillary lesion of spindle cells with smooth muscle cell differentiation. In view of the histological findings and the clinical symptoms, a cellular myofibroblastic tumor was considered the most likely diagnosis in our patient. Although a cardiac tumor is a rare cause of a cerebral hemorrhage, a cardiac evaluation is recommended in pediatric patients with a cerebral hemorrhage of unknown etiology.
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