Interleukin-12 has no effect on vascular density, perfusion, hypoxia and proliferation of an implanted human squamous cell carcinoma xenograft tumour despite up-regulation of ICAM-1.
until further notice
SourceAnticancer Research, 25, 2A, (2005), pp. 1015-1021
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Hematology
Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-12 is an anti-angiogenic and antitumor agent in many transplanted murine tumour models. In a previous clinical study in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with rhIL-12 the tumour turned pale, after an initial reddening. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of rmIL-12 on the vasculature, blood perfusion, hypoxia and proliferation of tumour cells in an implanted human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma xenograft tumour, with a relatively large diameter, in Balb/c nu/nu mice over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Established human squamous cell carcinoma xenograft tumours were intratumorally injected for 3 days with either 200 ng rmIL-12 or PBA. Mice were sacrificed at 4 different time points (between 8 hours and 8 days after the last injection), after administration of Pimonidazole, BrdUrd and Hoechst 33342. The tumour sections were quantitatively analysed with a semi-automatic method based on a computerised digital image analysis system, after immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Despite a faster and higher up-regulation of anti-mouse ICAM-1 in the IL-12-treated tumours, no significant differences in vascular density, perfusion fraction, hypoxic fraction and BrdUrd labelling index were detected between IL-12-treated tumour and control tumours. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the main reason why the observation made in humans could not be confirmed in this mice study is the combination of a lack of an intact immune system in the Balb/c nu/nu mice and a relatively large tumour with probably a lot of mature vessels.
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