Cerebral microvascular amyloid beta protein deposition induces vascular degeneration and neuroinflammation in transgenic mice expressing human vasculotropic mutant amyloid beta precursor protein.
until further notice
SourceAmerican Journal of Pathology, 167, 2, (2005), pp. 505-515
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
American Journal of Pathology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; DCN 3: Neuroinformatics; NCEBP 11: Alzheimer Centre; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation; UMCN 3.2: Cognitive neurosciences; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
Cerebral vascular amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) deposition, also known as cerebral amyloid angiopathy, is a common pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease. Additionally, several familial forms of cerebral amyloid angiopathy exist including the Dutch (E22Q) and Iowa (D23N) mutations of Abeta. Increasing evidence has associated cerebral microvascular amyloid deposition with neuroinflammation and dementia in these disorders. We recently established a transgenic mouse model (Tg-SwDI) that expresses human vasculotropic Dutch/Iowa mutant amyloid beta-protein precursor in brain. Tg-SwDI mice were shown to develop early-onset deposition of Abeta exhibiting high association with cerebral microvessels. Here we present quantitative temporal analysis showing robust and progressive accumulation of cerebral microvascular fibrillar Abeta accompanied by decreased cerebral vascular densities, the presence of apoptotic cerebral vascular cells, and cerebral vascular cell loss in Tg-SwDI mice. Abundant neuroinflammatory reactive astrocytes and activated microglia strongly associated with the cerebral microvascular fibrillar Abeta deposits. In addition, Tg-SwDI mouse brain exhibited elevated levels of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta and -6. Together, these studies identify the Tg-SwDI mouse as a unique model to investigate selective accumulation of cerebral microvascular amyloid and the associated neuroinflammation.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) tolog in with SURFconextto upload a file for processing by the repository team.