Systemic inflammatory response to exhaustive exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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SourceRespiratory Medicine, 99, 12, (2005), pp. 1555-1567
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; UMCN 2.1: Heart, lung and circulation
Systemic inflammation may be present in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exercise is known to elicit an inflammatory response. We hypothesized that the systemic inflammatory response to exercise might be exaggerated in COPD patients compared to healthy subjects. Sixteen COPD patients and 11 healthy subjects performed a maximal incremental bicycle test. Before and at maximal exercise arterial blood samples were taken to determine circulating catecholamines, (subsets of) leukocytes, acute phase proteins, creatine kinase and myoglobin. At rest, increased levels of norepinephrine and systemic inflammation were present in COPD. The response of catecholamines to exercise was lower in COPD patients (P<0.01), which in part was due to the lower maximal exercise capacity of these patients (P<0.01). Exercise-induced leukocytosis showed similar responses in both groups, but occurred at higher levels in COPD. Although patients had increased levels of CRP at rest (P<0.001), exercise did not affect acute phase proteins. No systemic signs of muscle damage were found. The present study shows that COPD patients are exposed to systemic inflammation that is intensified by exhaustive exercise. The inflammatory response in COPD is not exaggerated compared to healthy subjects but occurs at a higher level and is observed at lower external workload.
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