Stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography-electrospray injection tandem mass spectrometry method for fast, selective measurement of S-adenosylmethionine and S-adenosylhomocysteine in plasma.
until further notice
SourceClinical Chemistry, 51, 8, (2005), pp. 1487-1492
Article / Letter to editor
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Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; IGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; IGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated that changes in S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy), a potent inhibitor of transmethylation, provide a mechanism by which increased homocysteine causes its detrimental effects. We aimed to develop a rapid and sensitive method to measure AdoHcy and its precursor S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet). METHODS: We used stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography-electrospray injection tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) to measure AdoMet and AdoHcy in plasma. Acetic acid was added to prevent AdoMet degradation. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) columns containing phenylboronic acid were used to bind AdoMet, AdoHcy, and their internal standards and for sample cleanup. An HPLC C(18) column directly coupled to the LC-MS/MS was used for separation and detection. RESULTS: In plasma samples, the interassay CVs for AdoMet and AdoHcy were 3.9% and 8.3%, and the intraassay CVs were 4.2% and 6.7%, respectively. Mean recoveries were 94.5% for AdoMet and 96.8% for AdoHcy. The quantification limits were 2.0 and 1.0 nmol/L for AdoMet and AdoHcy, respectively. Immediate acidification of the plasma samples with acetic acid prevented the observed AdoMet degradation. In a group of controls (mean plasma total Hcy, 11.2 mumol/L), plasma AdoMet and AdoHcy were 94.5 and 12.3 nmol/L, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Stable-isotope dilution LC-ESI-MS/MS allows sensitive and rapid measurement of AdoMet and AdoHcy. The SPE columns enable simple cleanup, and no metabolite derivatization is needed. The instability of AdoMet is a serious problem and can be prevented easily by immediate acidification of samples.
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