Uncatalyzed synthesis, thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethanes based on poly(epsilon-caprolactone) and 1,4-butane diisocyanate with uniform hard segment.
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SourceBiomaterials, 26, 20, (2005), pp. 4219-4228
Article / Letter to editor
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Centre for Quality of Care Research
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
Polyurethanes based on poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) (750-2800 g/mol) and 1,4-butane diisocyanate (BDI) with different soft segment lengths and constant uniform hard segment length were synthesized in absence of catalysts for the production of a degradable meniscus scaffold. First the polyesterdiols were endcapped with BDI yielding a macrodiisocyanate with a minimal amount of side reactions and a functionality of 2.0. Subsequently, the macrodiisocyanates were extended with 1,4-butanediol in order to obtain the corresponding polyurethane. The polyurethanes had molecular weights between 78 and 160 kg/mol. Above molar masses of 1900 g/mol of the polyesterdiol crystalline PCL was found while the hard segment showed an increase in melting point from 78 to 122 degrees C with increasing hard segment content. It was estimated that the percentage crystallinity of the hard segment varied between 92 and 26%. The Young's modulus varied between 30 and 264 MPa, the strain at break varied between 870 and 1200% and tear strengths varied between 97 and 237 kJ/m2.
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