Efficacy and pharmacodynamics of flucytosine monotherapy in a nonneutropenic murine model of invasive aspergillosis.
SourceAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 49, 10, (2005), pp. 4220-6
Article / Letter to editor
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Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
SubjectN4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
The therapeutic efficacy of flucytosine (5FC) monotherapy and the pharmacodynamic index predictive of efficacy were evaluated in a nonneutropenic mouse model of acute invasive aspergillosis. Mice were infected intravenously with an Aspergillus fumigatus isolate (the median MICs of 5FC were 128 mug/ml under the standard condition, 0.5 microg/ml at pH 6.0, and 0.031 microg/ml at pH 5.0) 2 h prior to the start of therapy and were treated for 7 days with different 5FC dosing regimens. The total doses ranged from 50 to 800 mg/kg of body weight/day and were administered at 6-, 12-, and 24-h intervals. The efficacy was assessed by means of survival. The survival rates of the treatment groups ranged from 40 to 90%, while the survival rate of the control group was 20%. The efficacy found depended primarily on the total daily dose. However, the power of our sample size may have been too low to exclude an effect of dose fractionation. The pharmacodynamic index that most strongly correlated with the efficacy was the area under the serum concentration-time curve and MIC ratio (R(2) = 0.86). We conclude that 5FC monotherapy is efficacious in a murine Aspergillus fumigatus infection model.
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