Elderly patients' and GPs' views on different methods for patient involvement: an international qualitative interview study.
until further notice
SourceFamily Practice, 22, 2, (2005), pp. 184-191
Article / Letter to editor
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Centre for Quality of Care Research
SubjectEBP 4: Quality of Care; NCEBP 3: Implementation Science; NCEBP 9: Mental health
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients' interaction with the GP may be improved through patient involvement techniques, and there is a variety of such techniques which improve patients' involvement in their own care, although little is known about their acceptability. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators for using patient information leaflets and patient satisfaction questionnaires as methods for increasing elderly patients' involvement in general practice care by comparing their views with the GPs' views on these two types of methods. METHODS: In seven countries (Austria, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Switzerland) 146 GPs and 284 patients aged 70 and over were interviewed about the use and the acceptability of these two methods. Interviewers followed a semi-structured interview guide, and all interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. RESULTS: The arguments for using patient satisfaction questionnaires were that they would provide the GP with more information, function as a basis for change, increase patients' self-confidence and make them more conscious of what to expect. Barriers for their use were cognitive impairment among patients, fear that they would not answer honestly and opposition to written material. The arguments for patient information leaflets were that they could support patients' memories, educate patients and promote their self-responsibility. The barriers were cognitive impairment among patients and fear that they would give them false impressions of what to expect. CONCLUSION: Both instruments were generally well accepted by both GPs and patients. Their use seemed to be dependent upon the individual GP's attitude and the patients' cognitive capacities.
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