Stromal responses in human primary melanoma of the skin.
until further notice
SourceFrontiers in Bioscience, 10, , (2005), pp. 2922-2931
Article / Letter to editor
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Frontiers in Bioscience
SubjectDCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; DCN 3: Neuroinformatics; UMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment
Tumour development and progression has long been considered as the consequence of an imbalance between apoptosis and proliferation of transformed cells. However, whereas genetic aberrations leading to the activation of oncogenes and/or loss of tumour suppressor genes are crucial for the transformation towards aberrant cell growth, progression towards a full blown malignancy requires a dynamic interaction between tumour cells and the environment in which they thrive. Over the recent years, it has become evident that the (early) inflammatory and angiogenic response, and remodelling of the extracellular proteins are key factors in creating a microenvironment that sustains tumour growth and metastasis. The host response towards cutaneous melanoma has received relatively little attention, most likely because the majority of these tumours develop without evoking a strong stromal response as can be observed in, e.g., carcinomas. This review discusses potential critical modulators of melanoma growth: turn-over of the most abundant extracellular matrix protein in skin (i.e. type I collagen), the early inflammatory response and angiogenesis.
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