Prognostic relevance of uPAR-del4/5 and TIMP-3 mRNA expression levels in breast cancer.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer, 41, 17, (2005), pp. 2760-2768
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Cancer
SubjectIGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
Recently, two components of important protease systems in cancer, i.e., the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) mRNA splice variant uPAR-del4/5 and the tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3), were independently reported to be of prognostic value in breast cancer. In the present study, we have evaluated the impact of both these factors on disease-free survival (DFS) in 205 breast cancer patients by assessing mRNA expression in tumour tissue by quantitative PCR. High uPAR-del4/5 mRNA expression was associated with shorter DFS in breast cancer patients (P=0.0363), whereas high TIMP-3 mRNA levels were associated with a good prognosis (P=0.0049). Furthermore, by combining uPAR-del4/5 with TIMP-3 values, we demonstrate that breast cancer patients with high uPAR-del4/5 and low TIMP-3 mRNA levels had a highly significantly shorter DFS in comparison to those patients with low uPAR-del4/5 and high TIMP-3 mRNA expression (P<0.0001). These patients had a more than 6-fold higher risk for disease recurrence or death in multivariate analysis. Therefore, considering the prognostic impact of two proteolytic factors stemming from complementary protease systems may improve the prediction of disease recurrence in breast cancer.
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