Increased expression of CCL18, CCL19, and CCL17 by dendritic cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and regulation by Fc gamma receptors.
until further notice
SourceAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 64, 3, (2005), pp. 359-67
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Hematology
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue; NCMLS 1: Immunity, infection and tissue repair; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 4.2: Chronic inflammation and autoimmunity
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DC) have a role in the regulation of immunity and tolerance, attracting inflammatory cells by the production of various chemokines (CK). Fc gamma receptors (Fc gamma R) may be involved in regulation of the DC function. OBJECTIVE: To assess the expression of CK by immature (iDC) and mature DC (mDC) and its regulation by Fc gamma R in patients with RA and healthy donors (HC). METHODS: Expression of CK by DC from patients with RA and from HC was determined by real time quantitative PCR and ELISA. DC were derived from monocytes following standardised protocols. To study the potential regulation by Fc gamma R, iDC were stimulated with immune complexes (IC) during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced maturation. The presence of CK was studied in synovial tissue from patients with RA, osteoarthritis, and healthy subjects by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: iDC from patients with RA had markedly increased mRNA levels of the CK CCL18 and CXCL8. Upon maturation with LPS, expression of CCL18, CCL19, CXCL8, CCL3, and CCL17 increased dramatically, reaching significantly higher levels in patients with RA. Monocytes failed to express these CK, except for CXCL8 and CCL3. IC-mediated triggering of the Fc gamma R on DC from patients with highly active RA down regulated all CK, whereas the reverse was seen when DC from patients with low disease activity and healthy donors were stimulated. CCL18 was significantly increased in RA synovial tissue. CONCLUSION: Increased CK expression by DC was found in patients with RA. This expression is partly regulated by Fc gamma R triggering and results in an inhibitory DC subtype in RA upon Fc gamma R-mediated triggering.
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