Formerly preeclamptic women with a subnormal plasma volume are unable to maintain a rise in stroke volume during moderate exercise.
SourceJournal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation, 12, 8, (2005), pp. 599-603
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation
SubjectEBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; IGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; NCEBP 12: Human Reproduction; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction
INTRODUCTION: In formerly preeclamptic women with a low plasma volume, the recurrence rate of preeclampsia is higher than in women with a normal prepregnant plasma volume. In a recent study, we demonstrated that the low plasma volume subgroup also had a subnormal venous capacitance. In the present study, we determined the impact of subnormal plasma volume on the hemodynamic response to moderate exercise. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed this study in the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle, in 31 formerly preeclamptic women with a subnormal plasma volume (low-PV) and eight parous controls. The exercise consisted of 60 minutes of cycling in the supine position at 35% of the individualized maximum capacity. Before, during, and after cycling, we measured the percentage change in heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output. Before and after exercise, we measured the effective renal plasma flow (ERPF, para-amino-hippurate [PAH] clearance), glomerular filtration rate (GFR, inulin clearance), circulating levels of alpha-atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha-ANP), and active plasma renin concentration (APRC). RESULTS: The response to exercise of formerly preeclamptic women with a subnormal plasma volume differed from that in controls by a lack of rise in stroke volume, a smaller rise in cardiac output and alpha-ANP, and a greater fall in GFR. The responses in heart rate, ERPF, and APRC did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The response to moderate exercise of formerly preeclamptic women with a subnormal plasma volume differs from that in healthy parous controls with a normal plasma volume and suggests a lower capacity to raise venous return in conditions of a higher demand for systemic flow. The lower capacity to raise venous return in these conditions is associated with more cardiovascular drift. The physiologic consequence is a lower aerobic endurance performance during moderate exercise.
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