Tolerizing effects of co-stimulation blockade rest on functional dominance of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells.
until further notice
SourceTransplantation, 79, 2, (2005), pp. 147-156
Article / Letter to editor
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Blood Transfusion and Transplantation Immunology
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
BACKGROUND: Clinical tolerance is the net result of regulatory and effector functions. In this article, the authors show that tolerance induction by co-stimulation blockade preferentially works through CD4CD25 regulatory T-cell-mediated suppression that is effectively achieved by selective reduction of the effector T-cell load. Anti-CD86 and anti-CD40L monoclonal antibody treatment during in vitro mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) typically results in the induction of a suppressive polyclonal T-cell population. This induced suppressive capacity was found to be dependent on the presence of CD4CD25 T cells at the start of MLR. METHODS: Using a CFSE-based strategy, the authors show that within the polyclonal T-cell population, the suppressive effect was exerted by a nondividing CD4CD25 T-cell subset. RESULTS: The cells exclusively originated from preexisting CD4CD25 regulatory T cells and proved anergic and highly suppressive on isolation. They carried the CD45RB and CD62L phenotype and expressed GITR. There was no indication of de novo induction of regulatory T cells by co-stimulation blockers. Instead, the authors observed, both in vitro and in vivo, that co-stimulation blockade shifted the ratio between alloreactive effectors and regulatory T cells in favor of the latter. CONCLUSION: The authors therefore conclude that co-stimulation blockade contributes to functional dominance of regulatory T cells by preventing expansion of alloreactive effector T cells. Tolerance-inducing protocols should ideally facilitate this phenomenon.
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