Impaired KATP channel function in the fetoplacental circulation of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
SourceAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 192, 3, (2005), pp. 973-9
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
SubjectEBP 2: Effective Hospital Care; IGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; UMCN 1.2: Molecular diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring; UMCN 2.2: Vascular medicine and diabetes; UMCN 5.2: Endocrinology and reproduction; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
OBJECTIVE: The increased perinatal morbidity in diabetes may be partly related to vascular dysfunction. Because potassium channels play an important role in the regulation of vascular tone, this study explores the impact of diabetes on potassium channel function in the fetoplacental vascular bed. STUDY DESIGN: Vascular potassium channel function was investigated by ex vivo dual perfusion of isolated placental cotyledons (n = 47). Appropriate control experiments were carried out to exclude nonspecific effects. RESULTS: Glibenclamide (KATP channel blocker) increased perfusion pressure to a maximum fetoplacental arterial pressure of 37 +/- 6 mm Hg in controls versus 15 +/- 6 mm Hg in diabetes (P < .05). 4-Aminopyridine (KV channel blocker) equally increased fetoplacental arterial pressure in controls, and in diabetes (21 +/- 4 mm Hg vs 22 +/- 2 mm Hg). Apamin and charybdotoxin (KCa channel blockers) caused a negligible rise in fetoplacental arterial pressure. CONCLUSION: In the fetoplacental circulation, KATP channels and KV channels significantly contribute to baseline vascular tone. In diabetes, vascular KATP channel function is impaired.
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