Comparison of two once-daily regimens with a regimen consisting of nelfinavir, didanosine, and stavudine in antiretroviral therapy-naive adults: 48-week results from the Antiretroviral Regimen Evaluation Study (ARES).
until further notice
SourceHiv Clinical Trials, 6, 5, (2005), pp. 235-245
Article / Letter to editor
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Hiv Clinical Trials
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; EBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; N4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
BACKGROUND: To improve the dosing frequency and pill burden of antiretroviral therapy, we compared two once-daily dosed regimens to a twice-daily dosed regimen. METHOD: HIV-1-infected, antiretroviral drug-naive adults were randomized to either twice-daily nelfinavir and stavudine and once-daily didanosine (regimen A) or simplified once-daily dosed antiretroviral regimens consisting of nevirapine, didanosine, and lamivudine (regimen B) or saquinavir, ritonavir, didanosine, and lamivudine (regimen C). RESULTS: At 48 weeks of therapy, the proportion of patients with a blood plasma HIV-1 RNA concentration (pVL) <50 copies/mL by intention-to treat analysis was 42.3%, 50.0%, and 56.5% for regimens A (n = 26), B (n = 22), and C (n = 23), respectively. The time to a pVL <50 copies/mL for the first time was significantly shorter in regimen C, and there was significantly more progression to CDC events in regimen B. These differences are possibly due to differences in baseline characteristics. Adverse events were lowest for regimen C; more signs associated with mitochondrial toxicity occurred in regimen A. Increase in CD4 count was comparable between arms. CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference in efficacy was found between the two investigated once-daily dosed treatment regimens (B and C) and the reference (A). Regimen C possibly had a better virological response and less toxicity than regimens A and B.
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