Interleukin-18 does not modulate the acute-phase response.
SourceJournal of Endotoxin Research, 11, 2, (2005), pp. 85-88
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Endotoxin Research
SubjectEBP 3: Effective Primary Care and Public Health; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
IL-18 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 family and it induces IL-1, TNF, and IL-6, all of which are endogenous pyrogens. The pyrogenic properties of recombinant IL-18 were studied in a rabbit model of fever. rIL-18 did not cause fever when injected intravenously into rabbits. Furthermore, the ability of rIL-18 to modulate other components of the acute-phase response was assessed. rIL-18 did not induce leukocytosis, or changes of circulating concentrations of lipoproteins and corticosterone in mice. In conclusion, rIL-18 is not able to induce a febrile response in rabbits and does not modulate the acute-phase response in mice.
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