Discovery of magnetic fields in the betaCephei star xi<SUP>1</SUP> CMa and in several slowly pulsating B stars<SUP>*</SUP>
SourceMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 369, (2006), pp. L61-L65
Article / Letter to editor
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Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight betaCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss is detected in the betaCephei star xi<SUP>1</SUP>CMa and in 13 SPB stars. The star xi<SUP>1</SUP>CMa becomes the third magnetic star among the betaCephei stars. Before our study, the star zetaCas was the only known magnetic SPB star. All magnetic SPB stars for which we gathered several magnetic field measurements show a field that varies in time. We do not find a relation between the evolution of the magnetic field with stellar age in our small sample. Our observations imply that betaCephei and SPB stars can no longer be considered as classes of non-magnetic pulsators, but the effect of the fields on the oscillation properties remains to be studied.
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