Ethylene and carbon dioxide production by developing strawberries show a correlative pattern that is indicative of ripening climacteric fruit
until further notice
SourcePhysiologia Plantarum, 127, 2, (2006), pp. 247-259
Article / Letter to editor
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Molecular and Laser Physics
SubjectMolecular and Laser Physics
Laser photoacoustic spectroscopy continuously quantified the ethylene (C2H4) produced by strawberry flowers and fruits developing in planta. C2H4 was first detected as flower buds opened and exhibited diurnal oscillations (to approximately 200 pl flower(-1) h(-1)) before petal abscission. Exogenous application of silver thiosulphate (STS) to detached flowers inhibited petal abscission and flower senescence. In fruit, C2H4 production was maintained at a 'low level' (10-60 pl fruit(-1) h(-1)) until fruit expanded when levels increased in a diurnal pattern (to 200 pl fruit(-1) h(-1)). After expansion, C2H4 production declined to a low level until fruit attained the red-ripe stage for at least 24 h. After this time, C2H4 levels increased linearly (no diurnal fluctuation) to approximately 1 nL fruit(-1) h(-1). Twenty-four hours after the re-initiation of C2H4 production by red fruit, CO2 levels increased approximately three-fold, indicative of a respiratory climacteric. STS applied to fruits developing in planta and dissected fruit parts ex situ established that C2H4 production is regulated by negative feedback until fruits had expanded. The C2H4 produced by red-ripe fruit was regulated by positive feedback. Anti-1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase IgG localization identified immunoreactive antigens of 40 and 30 kDa (M-r) within the fruit achenes of expanding and red-ripe fruit. Analysis of dissected fruit showed that seed C2H4 accounts for 50% the C2H4 that is detectable from ripe fruit.
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