Logarithmic relaxation due to minimization of interactions in the Burridge-Knopoff model
SourcePhysical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 74, 2, (2006), pp. 026110-1-026110-7
Article / Letter to editor
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Theory of Condensed Matter
Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
SubjectTheory of Condensed Matter
The time evolution of macroscopic quantities describing the relaxation of complex systems often contains a domain with logarithmic time dependence. This logarithmic behavior at the macroscopic level is often associated with strongly interacting elements at the microscopic level, whose interactions depend significantly on their history. In this paper we show that stress relaxation in the Burridge-Knopoff (BK) model of multicontact friction behaves logarithmically, when the model is in, or close to, the solitary state where the elements move independently. For this regime we present an automaton that allows us to follow the decay of stress relaxation over the entire range where it behaves logarithmically in time. We show that our model can be mapped onto a system of noninteracting elements subject to a uniform distribution of forces, for which logarithmic stress relaxation is derived analytically.
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