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SourceApplied Physics B. Lasers and Optics, 82, 4, (2006), pp. 649-654
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Molecular and Laser Physics
Applied Physics B. Lasers and Optics
SubjectMolecular and Laser Physics
We present three different detection schemes for measuring carbon monoxide (CO) in direct absorption using a thermoelectrically cooled, distributed-feedback pulsed quantum cascade (qc) laser operating between 2176 and 2183 cm(-1). The laser emission has overlap with the strong R(8)1 rovibrational transition in CO at 2176.2835 cm(-1). Firstly, by utilizing the frequency chirp of the qc-laser with long laser pulses, a minimal detectable absorption of 1.2 x 10(-5) cm(-1) is achieved at an acquisition rate of 3 Hz. Additionally, with short laser pulses and slow frequency scanning a minimal detectable absorption 8.2 x 10(-7) cm(-1) is reported, with an acquisition time of 60 s. Finally, a novel amplitude modulation technique is developed to facilitate real-time measurement of CO in exhaled air. The application of this detector to detection of CO in a single breath as a potential non-invasive diagnostic tool is shown.
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