Apoptosis-induced acetylation of histones is pathogenic in systemic lupus erythematosus.
until further notice
SourceArthritis and Rheumatism, 56, 6, (2007), pp. 1921-1933
Article / Letter to editor
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Synthetic Organic Chemistry
Arthritis and Rheumatism
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
OBJECTIVE: In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inadequate removal of apoptotic cells may lead to challenge of the immune system with immunogenic self antigens that have been modified during apoptosis. We undertook this study to evaluate whether apoptosis-induced histone modifications are targets for the immune system in SLE. METHODS: The epitope of KM-2, a monoclonal antihistone autoantibody derived from a lupus mouse, was mapped by random peptide phage display. The reactivity of KM-2 and plasma with (acetylated) histone H4 (H4) peptides and with nonapoptotic, apoptotic, and hyperacetylated histones was determined by immunofluorescence staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and Western blotting. RESULTS: KM-2 recognized apoptosis-induced acetylation of H4 at lysines 8, 12, and 16. The majority of plasma samples from SLE patients and lupus mice showed higher reactivity with triacetylated H4 peptide (residues 1-22) and with hyperacetylated and apoptotic histones than with nonacetylated H4 peptide and normal histones. Importantly, administration of triacetylated H4 peptide to lupus-prone mice before disease onset accelerated the disease by enhancing mortality and aggravating proteinuria, skin lesions, and glomerular IgG deposition, while the nonacetylated H4 peptide had no pathogenic effect. The delayed-type hypersensitivity response in lupus mice against the triacetylated H4 peptide was higher than that against the nonacetylated H4 peptide. Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) cultured in the presence of hyperacetylated nucleosomes showed increased expression/production of CD40, CD86, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha compared with DCs cultured in the presence of normal nucleosomes. Finally, DCs cultured in the presence of hyperacetylated nucleosomes were able to activate syngeneic T cells, because IL-2 production increased. CONCLUSION: Apoptosis-induced acetylation of nucleosomes may represent an important driving force in the development of lupus.
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