Characterization of P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance proteins in rat kidney and intestinal cell lines.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 30, 1, (2007), pp. 36-44
Article / Letter to editor
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IMM - Institute for Molecules and Materials
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
SubjectIGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; Synthetic Organic Chemistry; UMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism; UMCN 5.4: Renal disorders
The activity of P-glycoprotein (Pgp/MDR1/ABCB1) and multidrug resistance proteins (MRP/ABCC) influence the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of many drugs. Few suitable cell lines for the study of drug transport exist. Additional non-human cell lines may help clarify species differences and contribute to the current knowledge of drug transport. The aim of the present study was to characterize three rat epithelial cell lines for transporter expression and activity. Transporter expression was assessed in intestinal IEC-6 and renal GERP and NRK-52E cells using RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Pgp and Mrp transport activity were analyzed by measuring calcein accumulation and glutathione-S-bimane efflux, respectively. The three cell lines showed Pgp expression and Pgp-dependent transport, both decreasing with culture time after reaching confluency. Besides Pgp, cells expressed Mrp1, Mrp3, Mrp4, and Mrp5, while Mrp2 and Mrp6 were absent. In addition, they showed temperature- and Mrp-dependent efflux of glutathione-S-bimane. Exposure to a panel of different inhibitors showed that this efflux was probably mediated by Mrp4. In conclusion, the three rat epithelial cell lines investigated showed Pgp and Mrp expression and transport. Mrp dependent transport was most likely mediated by Mrp4. In future, these cell lines may be used as in vitro models to study drug transport.
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