Protein complexes in the archaeon Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus analyzed by blue native/SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry.
until further notice
SourceMolecular & Cellular Proteomics, 4, 11, (2005), pp. 1653-63
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
SubjectBio-Molecular Chemistry; DCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; DCN 3: Neuroinformatics; Ecological Microbiology; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; IGMD 4: Glycostation disorders; IGMD 8: Mitochondrial medicine; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; ONCOL 3: Translational research; UMCN 3.1: Neuromuscular development and genetic disorders; UMCN 5.3: Cellular energy metabolism; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue; ONCOL 3: Translational research
Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus is a thermophilic archaeon that produces methane as the end product of its primary metabolism. The biochemistry of methane formation has been extensively studied and is catalyzed by individual enzymes and proteins that are organized in protein complexes. Although much is known of the protein complexes involved in methanogenesis, only limited information is available on the associations of proteins involved in other cell processes of M. thermautotrophicus. To visualize and identify interacting and individual proteins of M. thermautotrophicus on a proteome-wide scale, protein preparations were separated using blue native electrophoresis followed by SDS-PAGE. A total of 361 proteins, corresponding to almost 20% of the predicted proteome, was identified using peptide mass fingerprinting after MALDI-TOF MS. All previously characterized complexes involved in energy generation could be visualized. Furthermore the expression and association of the heterodisulfide reductase and methylviologen-reducing hydrogenase complexes depended on culture conditions. Also homomeric supercomplexes of the ATP synthase stalk subcomplex and the N5-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin:coenzyme M methyltransferase complex were separated. Chemical cross-linking experiments confirmed that the multimerization of both complexes was not experimentally induced. A considerable number of previously uncharacterized protein complexes were reproducibly visualized. These included an exosome-like complex consisting of four exosome core subunits, which associated with a tRNA-intron endonuclease, thereby expanding the constituency of archaeal exosomes. The results presented show the presence of novel complexes and demonstrate the added value of including blue native gel electrophoresis followed by SDS-PAGE in discovering protein complexes that are involved in catabolic, anabolic, and general cell processes.
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